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Yearly Archives: 2021

The automatic basketball score counter is the system implemented to count the basketball goals when a team score a goal. This is achieved by using push buttons, Arduino and 7 segments display. When a team score a goal and referee accept it by pushing on up push button, Arduino send the command to the 7 segment and it counts one goal. As you continue to push that push button the 7 segment will add one goal to the goals of scored team. When scored goal create confusion and referee decide to refuse it by pushing on down push button, the 7 segment will remove one goal to the goals of a team. This study carried out in Kigali city of Rwanda intended to the design of the automatic basketball score counter machine using arduino in order to prevent the conflict between the two team and to reduce the time. The objective was to design the basketball score counter which will operate automatically. The findings have shown that the best alternative is to use the Arduino as a command. The project work concludes that if the automatic basketball score counter was used in national basketball competition and help for reducing misunderstanding about goal counting.
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La messagerie instantanée peut être comprise comme des outils qui permettent l’échange des messages qui se fait très souvent par écrit et en temps réel de manière synchrone (LeMagIT, 2020). Elle est fréquemment solliciter pour résoudre des besoins de communications et d’échange de données. Au Burkina –Faso, dans les institutions étatiques, on assiste à la mise en place de groupes communément appelé groupe whatsapp dont l’objectif est de partager des informations entre membre du groupe dans le cadre d’un projet. Cela n’est pas sans conséquence pour ceux qui sont averti. En effet, certes la sécurité est améliorée selon les concepteurs, mais les risques pour la gestion de nos propres donnés et nos vies privées se posent. Comme toute application, whatsapp pourrait comporter des failles de sécurité de nos données. En effet ’’ Une faille dans la version desktop de whatsapp a récemment été découverte par Gal weizman, chercheur à perimiterX. Cette dernière permettait à des hackers d’insérer du JavaScript dans les messages et d’accéder à vos fichiers à distance’’ (Valentin Cimino, 2020). Les concepteurs prétendent avoir effectué des correctifs, mais il est à préciser que cela a probablement entrainé des vols de données. Il faut donc de la prudence dans les types de données qui sont échangés via cette application.
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In Africa, the linkages between zoning planning and affordable housing have not been adequately assessed. In scenarios where zoning system has been enforced for a long time, such as in the United States, it has been often labelled as exclusionary due to how it limits the poor to access housing. With zoning being at the heart of the current planning system in Rwanda, this research aims at examining these linkages in an emerging urban setting such as Kigali city. This study employed a mixed-method approach to assess how the master plan and zoning requirements affect housing cost and the ease of accessing housing for low-income households. Results reveal a total house supply gap to 30,000 units between 2012-2020 of which more than half is affordable housing. While zoning code requires the use of primarily imported materials which increases the cost of housing, more than 70 per cent of residents earn too minimal income to qualify for traditional mortgage loans. Therefore, the case of Kigali city emphasizes the mismatch between zoning assumptions and underlying social and economic conditions. Moreover, the euphoria to meet master plan objectives encourages the conversion of prevalent informal settlements into high-end market neighborhoods overlooking the negative impact on affordable housing. This study suggests the relaxation of zoning regulations for certain income thresholds, re-defining affordability to match the local context and generating housing affordability indexes regularly to inform the government’s urban housing strategies.
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This study focused on the use of technology in learning the English language at G.S Bushenge, a school located in Nyamasheke district, western province of Rwanda. The aim was to answer research questions regarding the use of computers and projectors on student performance in English learning, the extent to which mobile learning plays a key role in student performance and identifying the impacts of classroom technology tools on students’ performance in the study area. The study adopted a mixed research method (qualitative and quantitative) in which participants comprising teachers, principals and students, or 78 participants in total, were randomly and purposely selected in GS Bushenge located in Nyamasheke district, Rwanda. Study data was generated through semistructured interviews and questionnaires, and analysis was performed with generated tables and graphs showing the results.The study yielded results, showing that 78 (100%) agree that at G.S Bushenge there are technological tools such as computers and phones. In addition, 78 (100%) proclaimed the absence of a projector stating that classroom technology tools (like computers and telephones) are needed in the delivery of the lesson. No less than 78 (100%) indicated that they were important and had positive effects on students and teachers. In addition, 3 (100%) teachers and head of school show that everything in an exaggerated way has negative effects, which is the reason why this is the reason why we mention the high cost of technological tools, passivity of learners, creation of distraction, provision of erroneous information on the Internet as negative impacts in use of technological tools in the classroom. Finally, the researcher made recommendations for students to be eager to copy with technology and use it for educational purposes. Teachers were also recommended to deal with disruptive student behavior. The government should help teachers acquire their own technological tools and train them in their use in education.
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Introduction Apparues dans la dernière moitié des années 1990 en Afrique, les formations ouvertes et à distance ne cessent de s’y développer (Depover et Orivel, 2012). En dépit des lacunes techniques, socioéconomiques et pédagogiques qui leur sont caractéristiques, États et universités de l’Afrique de l’Ouest s’intéressent à promouvoir ces modes de formation de troisième génération (Tonye, 2008). Certes, leurs débuts dans […]
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The first fear during the 19th century period focused on the disintegration of moral values embedded in the development of capitalism and the pressure for accumulation and commoditization, Islamic thought had to describe “societies” functioning in its inner logic. Changing a society needs to view it as a social device and to understand its logic. With modern economy, new questions are posed such as: Are Muslims ready to face globalization and maintain their faith? Muslims in doing business are they swallowed by commercialism? Are Muslim obliged to act in business without thinking their acts, either they are halal or haram? Raison why Islamic finance is key sector in Islamic economy. In order to conduct as well as possible this research different methods and techniques are used such as interviews, meetings, discussions, and seminaries as focus group with some personalities involved in Islamic finance industry. From these investigations we found that some of Islamic finance products are known in Burkina Faso and some are proposed by the only one Islamic finance institution that is Coris Bank Baraka. It’s possible to distinguish two categories of financing techniques: those that are based on a participatory financing (Mudhâraba and Musharaka) and those based on an asset (Murabaha and Ijara). The Islamic financial industries products are suitable, it seems that the concept of free interest and respectful of the religion are important for consumers. Islamic finance windows and Islamic bank can conduct successfully shari’ah compliant products according the regulator (BCEAO), the literature review, and most of the leaders, we met in Burkina Faso.
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